GLOSSARY OF GRAECO-ARABIC MEDICINE. 

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

J

K

L

M

N

O

P

Q

R

S

T

U

V

W

X

Y

Z

Instructions: Click on the button above each Alphabetical section to return to the top of this Glossary.

Abbreviations used: Arb. = Arabic - Der. = Derived from - Gk. = Classical Greek - Lat. = Latin - Lit.= literally

 

A

Abasia, Ablepsia, Ablepsy - Inability to walk or stand, caused by hysteria.
Abopsia - Blindness.
Abstergent - A medicine or treatment that eliminates thick and corrupt humors.
Accouchment - childbirth, the period after childbirth.
Admixture - The abnormal contamination of one humor with another humor.
Adust - Burned.
Adventitious - An abnormal condition that arises from an external influence or source.
Aegrotat - Is sick from.
Aegrotantem - Sickness, illness.
Ague - Malarial Fever; Malarial or intermittent fever characterised by paroxysms of fever that are followed by an interval or intermission whose length determines the epithets: quotidian, tertian, quartan, and quintan ague.
Ague-cake - A form of enlargement of the spleen, resulting from malaria.
Air - In Graeco-Arabic Medicine, the fundamental gasseous state of matter. Air is Warm and Moist (q.v.).
Alexipharmical - A medicine that counteracts the plague, poisons and venoms.
Alterative - A medicine designed to re-establish balance and renormalise physiologcal function.
Anasarca - Generalised massive edema. see dropsy.
Anchylosis - Abnormal stiffening and immobility of a joint by fusion of the bones.
Ankylosis - Abnormal stiffening and immobility of a joint by fusion of the bones.
Angina - Pain in chest brought on by exertion; intense constricting pain especially of the throat, can lead to suffocation. Quinsy.
Aphonia - Loss of the voice due to inflammation of the larynx. Laryngitis.
Aphthae - An infection in the mouth caused by the fungus Candida albicans, characterised by whitish spots and ulcers on the membranes of the mouth, tongue, and fauces.
Aphthous stomatitis - An infection in the mouth caused by the fungus Candida albicans, characterised by whitish spots and ulcers on the membranes of the mouth, tongue, and fauces.
Apoplexy - Stroke. Paralysis due to occlusion or rupture of an artery in the brain.
Apostume - An abscess or swelling containing pus or having a purulent discharge.
Archan, Arkan - arb. A fundamental Element.
Arz, Artz - arb. The element Earth. Treatment effect. In some European countries a physician.
Ascites - Fluid retention of the abdomen, usually caused by a liver disorder.
Ash - Metabolic by-products or waste.
Asphicsia, Asphycsia, Asphyxia - Suffocation.
Asthenia - Debility.
Atrabilious - Related to the Black Bile humor or Melancholer.
Atrophy - Wasting of tissue.

B

Balneum Mariae - lat. lit. sea-bath. A water bath used in preparing medicines in order to maintain a steady temperature.
Bilious fever - Refers to certain enteric and malarial fevers with an elevated temperature and bile emesis due to a liver disorder; such as typhoid, malaria, hepatitis.
Biliousness - A complex of symptoms comprising nausea, abdominal discomfort, headache and constipation; may also involve jaundice. Formerly attributed to excessive secretion of bile from the liver.
Black jaundice - Cholestatic or hepetocellular jaundice.
Black vomit - Vomiting old (black) blood due to a gastric ulcer or yellow fever.
Blood poisoning - Bacterial infection; septicemia.
Bloody flux - Dysentery with blood in the stool, often caused by bacteria of the genus Shigella.
Bone shave - Sciatica.
Brain fever - inflammation of the brain; encephalitis, meningitis, etc.
Bright's disease - Chronic inflammatory disease of kidneys.
Bule - Boil, tumor or swelling.

C

Cachexia, Cachexy - Malnutrition.
Cacochyma, Cachochymy - gk.lt. bad humor. A corrupted humor (q.v.) that causes ill-health.
Cacogastric - Stomach upset.
Cacospysy - An irregular pulse (gk. lit. bad pulse).
Caduceus - Someone who has a tendency towards epilepsy.
Cancrum otis - A severe, destructive, eroding ulcer of the cheek and lip, rapidly proceeding to sloughing. In the last century it was seen in delicate, ill-fed, ill-tended children between the ages of two and five. The disease can in a few days, lead to gangrene of the lips, cheeks, tonsils, palate, tongue, and even half the face; teeth would fall from their sockets, and a horribly fetid saliva flowed from the parts.
Canker - Herpes simplex.
Catalepsy - Condition associated with seizures, trance-like states or unconsciousness.
Catarrh - Inflammation of a mucous membrane in any part of the body.
Causus - Influenza.
Cautery - The application of hot irons to treat a localised disease or the searing of a wound in order to disinfect and close it.
Cerebritis - Inflammation of cerebrum or lead poisoning.
Chilblain - Swelling of extremities caused by exposure to cold and then heat; extremities turn black and itch unbearably.
Childbed - Childbirth.
Child bed fever - Puerperal fever.
Chin-cough - Whooping cough.
Chlorosis - Pernicious anaemia; a condition associated with a pale or greenish skin, weakness, & dyspepsia.
Cholecystitis - Inflammation of the gall bladder.
Cholelithiasis - Stones in the gall bladder.
Choler - The Yellow Bile humor.
Choleric - Full of Choler. An mentally and physically active person; or a nervous, easily irritated or ill-tempered nature. One with a bilious complaint.
Cholera - An acute, infectious disease characterised by profuse diarrhea, vomiting, and cramps.
Cholera infantum - A common, non-contagious diarrhea of young children, occurring in summer or autumn.
Cholera morbus - Appendicitis; any disease characterised by nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps, elevated temperature, etc.
Chorea - Jerky movements , chiefly of the face and extremities, that appear to be well coordinated but are in fact involuntarily. Any disease of the nervous system displaying such movements or characterised by convulsions, contortions or dancing.
Clyster - An enema.
Coction - A boiling off of impurities, a fever (gk. lit. boiling).
Cold - Acute coryza, a viral infection, originally thought to be caused by exposure to Cold (q.v.).
Cold, Coldness - In Graeco-Arabic Medicine, a quality of a substance or a disease. Cold is counteracted by Heat.
Colic - Paroxysmal pain in the abdomen or bowels due to spasms of the intestines.
Confinement - the conclusion of pregnancy; labor and childbirth.
Consumption - Pulmonary tuberculosis.
Congestion - An excessive or abnormal accumulation of blood or other fluid in a body.
Congestive fever - Malaria Corruption Infection.
Convulsions - Contortions due to violent, involuntary muscular contractions of the extremities, trunk, and head. In children this is often caused by high fever.
Corruption - An infection. The debasement of a humor by some noxious agent or an unhealthy lifestyle.
Coryza - Common cold.
Costiveness - Constipation.
Courses - Menstruation, the menstrual flow.
Crasis - gk. An inherited or acquired tendency towards health or illness.
Crisis - The peak of the fever of a febrile disease; the turning point, for better or worse, in any disease.
Croup - Any obstructive condition of the larynx or trachea that occurs mainly in infants and children, characterised by a hoarse, barking cough and difficulty in breathing.
Crude - Raw, undigested, a medicine that has not been processed in any way.
Cupping - A method of applying suction cups to the skin, used in Graeco-Arabic Medicine to mobilise stagnant humors.
Cutting Medicine - A medicine that reduces the viscosity of a thickend or hardened Humor or secretion.
Cyanosis - Blue tinge of the skin caused by lack of oxygen in blood.
Cynanche - Any disease of the throat.
Cynanche trachealis - Croup.
Cystitis - Inflammation of the bladder.

D

Debility - Abnormal bodily weakness or feebleness; decay of strength.
Decoction - A medicine derived from a plant and sometimes mineral extract that has been concentrated by boiling off any excess water.
Decrepitude - Feebleness of old age.
Defluxion - A flow of Humors into a part of the body causing pain and swelling.
Delirium tremens - Alcoholic hallucinations.
Deplumation - Tumor of the eyelids which causes loss of eyelashes.
Diathesis - A tendency. An inherent or congenital strength or weakness.
Diphtheria - An acute infectious usually confined to the upper respiratory tract, characterised by the formation of a false membrane that is firmly attached to the underlying tissue and would bleed if forcibly removed,
Discuss - To dispel, e.g. a swelling, through re-absorption by the body.
Distemper - A disease associated with malaise, discharge from the nose and throat and anorexia.
Distillation - The downward movement of thin humors from the brain to any part of the body. The separation of volatile substances from a liquid by means of evaporation and condensation.
Doctor - der.from gk.: teacher. A title given to a practitioner of medicine in the West.
Dropsy - Oedema, the presence of abnormally large amounts of fluid in intercellular tissue spaces or body cavities.
Dropsy of the Brain - Hydroencephalis.
Dry, Dryness - In Graeco-Arabic Medicine, a quality of a substance or a disease. Dryness is counteracted by Moist.
Dyscrasia, Dyscrasy - An abnormal condition of the body.
Dysentery, Dysentry - A term given to a number of disorders marked by inflammation of the intestines (especially of the colon) and attended by pain in the abdomen, by tenesmus, and by frequent stools containing blood and mucus.  
Dysorexy - Reduced appetite.
Dyspepsia - Indigestion and heartburn; poor digestion.
Dysphoria - A mental state characterised by anxiety, restlessness and depression.
Dystemper - A metabolic abnormality or imbalance caused by disease. A Dystemper can be Hot, Dry, Cold or Moist. Humoral imbalance.
Dysuria, Dysury - Difficult urination.

E

Earth - In Graeco-Arabic Medicine, the fundamental solid state of matter. Earth is Cold and Dry (q.v.).
Edema - see Oedema.
Emulgent veins - Renal veins.
Emulsion - Almond milk, or any milk made by mashing seeds and blending these with water.
Enclampsia, Eclampsy - Convulsions. The modern meaning only refers to convulsions due to toxemia of pregnancy, that are associated with albuminuria and  hypertension.
Ecstasy - Catalepsy characterised by loss of reason.
Effluvia - Noxious vapours. There are two types: contagious effluvia, which were thought to cause epidemic diseases, and noxious effluvia that arise form poor air quality caused by coal smoke, sewers or rotting matter.
Electuary - A medicine consisting of a conserve composed of a herbal or mineral powder mixed with honey.
Emphysema, Emphysaema - A chronic, irreversible disease of the lungs, characterised by abnormal enlargement of air spaces in the lungs and accompanied by destruction of the tissue lining the walls of the air sacs.
Emunctuary - Lymph node.
Encephalitis - Swelling of brain, sleeping sickness.
Enteric fever - Typhoid fever.
Epilepsy - Falling sickness, fits.
Epistaxis - Nose bleed.
Epitheme - A cloth bag containing medicines that is applied to the skin, usually over an organ such as the heart, liver or spleen.
Errhine - A medicine that is sniffed up through the nose, usually to purge bad humors from the brain.
Erysipelas - Saint Anthony's Fire. An acute bacterial infection characterised by a rash with well defined margins, of diffusely spreading, deep-red inflammation of the skin or mucous membranes.
Eucrasia - lit.gk.: good condition. Health.
Essential moistures - These are four in number: plasma, serous fluid, extracellular fluid and intracellular fluid. One function of Thymos is considered to be that it maintains these in their rightful place. Old age causes a deterioration in this function, leading to eventual organic failure and death.
Extravastation - A ruptured blood vessel.

F

Falling sickness - Epilepsy.
Fatty Liver - Cirrhosis of the liver.
Felon - Whitlow.
Fire - In Graeco-Arabic Medicine, the fundamental plasma state of matter. Fire is Hot and Dry (q.v.).
Fits - A sudden attack or seizure.
Fits of the Mother - Hysteria.
Flux - An excessive flow or discharge of any bodily fluid.
Flux of humor - The circulation.
Fluxion - Any condition with symptoms that arise suddenly or flit from place to place. Rheums (q.v.).
Focussed Disease - A disease that affects a specific region of the body, e.g. a cold that mainly affects the head.
Fuliginous - Smoky or misty.
Fundament - The anus.
Furuncle - Boil.

G

Gangrene - Mortification. Death and decay of tissue in a part of the body due to infection or failure of blood supply.  
Gate-vein - Portal vein.
Gathering - A collection of pus.
Glandular fever - Mononucleosis (mono).
Gleet - Catarrh of the reproductive organs.
Glutinous - A substance that is viscous and sticky, like glue.
Goitre - Enlarged thyroid gland.
Good humor - Health.
Gout - Accumulation of uric acid crystals in a joint, leading to inflammation and acute pain, often associated with diet high in rich food and an excessive intake of red wine.
Gravel - Multiple small calculi that originate in the kidneys, are passed into the bladder and are expelled with the urine.
Grave's disease - Thyrotoxicosis, hyperthyroidism.
Green sickness - Pernicious anaemia.
Grippe - Influenza.

H

Habit - The physical appearance of the body as well as the person's environment.
Haematemesis - Vomiting blood.
Haematuria - Blood in the urine.
Hakim - arb.lit. holy man. A title usually given to a practitioner of Unani Tibb (q.v.)
Hays, Hayes - der.arb. haies, lit. menstruation.
Hectical complaint - A daily recurring fever with profound sweating, chills, and a flushed appearance.
Hemiplegia, Hemiplegy - Paralysis of one side of body due to a stroke.
Hip gout - Osteomylitis.
Hives - A skin eruption usually lasting no more than a few hours, consisting of wheals which are redder or paler than the surrounding skin, often associated with severe itching.
Horrors - Delirium tremens.
Hospital Fever - Typhus.
Hot, Heat -  In Graeco-Arabic Medicine, a quality of a substance or a disease. Heat is counteracted by Cold.
Humor, Humour - One of the four essential fluids thought to be distributed by the blood circulation, namely: Blood (Sanguis), Phlegm, Bile (Choler) and Black Bile (Melancholer).
Humoral disease - Any disease considered to manifest an abnormal condition of one or more humor.
Hydrocephalus, Hydroencephalus - Dropsy of the brain.  
Hydropathy - Treatment by means of the external application and internal use of water.
Hydropericardium - Dropsy of the heart.
Hydrophobia - Rabies.
Hydrotherapy - Treatment by means of the external application of water and/or exercises performed in water.
Hydrothroax - Dropsy of the chest.
Hypertrophia, Hypertrophic - Enlargement of a body part or organ.
Hysteria - Hyper-emotionality. So called because of a tendency to assume the foetal position during a severe attack.

I

Icterus - Jaundice.
Iliac Passion - Volvulus.
Impetigo - Contagious pustular skin disease.
Impostume - An abscess or swelling containing pus or having a purulent discharge.
Inanition - Exhaustion from severe and prolonged lack of proper nourishment, characterised by marked weakness, extreme weight loss, and a decrease in metabolism.
Incrassate - Th thicken, usually applied to the preparation of medicines.
Intestinal colic - Abdominal pain due to intestinal spasms.
Introsusception, Intussusception - The slipping of one part within another, as the prolapse of one part of the intestine into the lumen of an immediately adjoining part, leading to obstruction.

J

Jaundice - Yellow discoloration of the skin, whites of the eyes, and mucous membranes, due to an increase of bile pigments in the blood.
Julep - A mild and pleasant tasting, usually sweetened medicine.

K

Kernel - A hard swelling.
Kibe - Chilblain.
Kidney Stone - Abnormal mineral concretions in the kidneys.
King's evil - Scrofula. Tuberculosis of lymph glands, particularly in the neck.

L

Laevity - Smoothness.
Lagrippe - Influenza.
Laudable pus - pus that discharges through a wound or the skin, rather than spreading into the tissues or turning into a closed abscess.
Lenitive - A gentle, refreshing and uplifting medicine.
Localised disease - A condition that affect only a local area; e.g. a whitlow or a boil.
Lockjaw - Tetanus. Synonyms: trismus, tetanus.
Lohock, Linctus - gk. Eclegma. A decoction (q.v.) of herbs or minerals that has had enough sugar added to turn it into a syrup.
Leucorrhoea - A yeast infection of the female reproductive tract, usually by Candida albicans.
Lues, Lues venera - Venereal disease, usually Syphilis.
Lumbago - Back pain.
Lung fever - Pneumonia.
Lung sickness - Tuberculosis.
Lying in - Time of giving birth.

M

Malignant Fever - Typhus.
Malignant sore throat - Diphtheria.
Mania - Insanity associated with agitation and extreme activity.
Marasmus - Emaciation; lack of flesh. Usually due to malnutrition and characterised by thinness, dry skin, poor muscle development and irritability.
Matrix - The uterus or the womb.
Megrim - Headache, or more correctly, migraine.
Melancholer - The Black Bile humor.
Melancholia - Depression.
Melancholic - Full of Melancholer. Denoting a thoughtful, careful or even negative or miserly nature.
Membranous Croup - Diphtheria.
Meningitis - Brain fever. Inflammation of the meninges, especially of the pia mater and arachnoid, characterised high fever, severe headache, and stiff neck or back muscles.  
Metritis - Inflammation of the uterus often associated with a purulent vaginal discharge.
Miasma, Miasmata - Noxious vapors (q.v.).
Milk fever - Mastitis.
Milk leg - Postpartum thrombophlebitis.
Moisture, Moist - In Graeco-Arabic Medicine, a quality of a substance or a disease. Moisture is counteracted by Dryness.
Morbus - Disease.
Mormal - Gangrene (q.v.).
Morphew - Scleroderma.
Morphew Scurvy - Blisters on the body.
Mortification - Gangrene (q.v.).
Mother - The uterus or the womb.
Myelitis - Inflammation of the spinal chord.
Myocarditis - Inflammation of the heart.

N

Necrosis - Death or mortification of bone or tissue due to a lack of blood supply or an infection.
Nephrosis - Degeneration of the kidneys.
Nephritis - Inflammation of kidneys.
Nervous prostration - Extreme exhaustion with an inability to perform physical and mental activities.
Neuralgia - Sharp and paroxysmal pain along the course of a sensory nerve.
Nidorous - A body odour remniscent of burned fat or meat or overheated oil; associated with certain diseases.
Nostalgia - Unhappiness or depression due to separation. Homesickness. Love-sickness.

O

Oedema - Fluid retention causing swelling of tissues. Dropsy.
Oedema of the lungs - Congestive cardiac failure.
Organic disease - A disease that selectively affects one or more of the vital organs.  

P

Palsy - Loss of control of, or uncontrolled movement of the voluntary muscles.
Paristhmitis - Quinsy.
Paroxysm - A sudden extreme peak in the course of a disease. Convulsion.
Peccant - The affending humor that is causing the disease.
Pemphigus - Skin disease characterised by watery blisters.
Pericarditis - Inflammation of the membranous sac lining the heart.
Peripneumonia - Inflammation of lungs.
Peritonotis - Inflammation of the peritoneum usually caused by an infected focus in the abdomen and accompanied by pus formation.
Petechial Fever - Fever characterised by the appearance of spots on the skin.
Phlegm - The Phlegm humor.
Phlegmasia - A general term for inflammation.
Phlegmatic - Full of Phlegm. Unmotivated or lazy character. A condition that produces an excess of phlegm.
Phthiriasis - Infestation by lice.
Phthisis - Marasmus associated with tuberculosis.
Physic, Physick - Medicine.
Physis - gk. Natural healing force, the Universal healing principle.
Physician - A healer (from gk. Physica - to heal).
Pituitous - Phlegmatic (q.v.).
Plaister - A medicated plaster that is usually applied after being warmed.
Plethora - lit.gk.: excess. An excess of the Blood humor characterised by a red facial complexion.
Pleurisy - Inflammation of the pleura, the membranous sac lining the chest cavity, "dry" without and "wet" with fluid collection in the pleural cavity.
Pneuma - gk. Vital air. May be equated with oxygen.
Pneumonia - Inflammation of the lungs with congestion or consolidation.
Podagra - Gout.
Porraceous - Light green, the colour of leeks.
Potter's asthma - Fibroid pthisis.
Pott's disease - Tuberculosis of spine.
Puerperal exhaustion - Death as a result of childbirth.
Puerperal fever - Septicaemia associated with childbirth.
Puerperal melancholy - Puerperal psychosis.
Pugil - An amount of medicine that can be picked up between the thumb and three fingers.
Purblind - Short sighted, myopia.
Purge - Originally any procedure that increased the discharge of secretions. Now usually a purgative medicine.
Pus - A yellow-white, more or less viscid substance found in abscesses and sores.
Putrifaction - Usually a debased condition of a humor. Can apply to the result of a slowed transit time of the content of the digestive tract.
Putrid fever - Diphtheria. Typhus.
Putrid sore throat - Acute ulceration of the throat, that attacks the tonsils and rapidly leads to sloughing of the fauces.
Pyrexia - from gk. High fever. Dysentry.
Pyrosis - from gk. Heartburn.

Q

Quinsy - An acute inflammation of the tonsils, often leading to an abscess of the tonsils. Also known as angina.

R

Rarity - Lack of flesh, thinness.
Reds - Menstrual flow.
Remitting fever - Malaria.
Rheum - gk. lit. flux or flow. In the past and still in French a nasal discharge.
Rheuma - Any muscle or joint pain.
Rheumatism - Originally any moving pain. Now usually any disorder associated with pain in the muscles or joints.
Rheums - gk. fluxes or flows. Any condition with symptoms that arise suddenly or flit from place to place (Galen, Culpeper).
Reins - Kidneys.
Renal colic - Paroxysmal pain from kidney disease or from a stone in the kidney or ureters.
Repletion - An excess or overabundance of blood or a humor, Plethora (q.v.)
Rickets - Deformation of skeletal system in children caused by vitamin D deficiency.
Rigors, Rigours - The sensation of feeling cold and shivering during a feverish illness.
Rose fever - Hay fever.
Rotten flesh - Tissue damaged by an infection.
Rotten flux - Discharge from a localised infection. 
Rubeola - German measles.

S

Saint Anthony's Fire - Erysipelas. An acute bacterial infection characterised by a rash with well defined margins, of diffusely spreading, deep-red inflammation of the skin or mucous membranes.
Sanguine - Full of Blood. An easy-going nature or an egotistical and selfish disposition. Blood related disorders.
Sanguineous crust - Scab.
Sanguininity - Genetic background.
Sanguis - The Blood humor.
Scarlatina, Scarlet fever - A contagious febrile disease, characterised by a scarlet eruption, tonsillitis and pharyngitis.
Scarlet rash - Roseola.
Sciatica - Neuralgic pain in the hips or down the thighs, usually caused by irritation of the sciatic nerve root.  
Scirrhus - Cancerous tumors; a hard and painless swelling .
Scotomy - Dizziness, nausea and dimness of sight - often associated with sinusitis.
Scrivener's palsy - Writer's cramp.
Screws - Rheumatism. Moving pain in the joints or muscles.
Scrofula - Primary tuberculosis of the lymphatic glands, especially those in the neck.
Scrumpox - Skin disease, impetigo.
Scurvy - Weakness, spongy gums and hemorrhages under skin caused by a vitamin C deficiency.
Secundines - The afterbirth.
Septic - Infected.
Septicaemia, Septicemia - Blood poisoning.
Shakes - Delirium tremens.
Shaking - Chills, ague.
Sherbet - der.arb. sharbath, a nutritive drink used to strengthen a person weakened by illness.
Shingles - A viral disease characterised by painful or itching skin blisters often brought on by depression of the immune system.
Ship fever - see Typhus.
Siccity - Dryness.
Siriasis - Sunstroke. Inflammation of the brain due to excessive exposure to the Sun.
Sloes - Gastric upset from poor or contaminated food.
Smallpox - Contagious disease characterised by fever and blisters.
Softening of brain - Degeneration of the brain, often considered to be the outcome of tertiary syphilis or chronic mercury poisoning.
Sore throat distemper - Diphtheria or quinsy.
Spagyric - A medicine prepared by means of multiple distillations and recombinations.
Spasms - Sudden involuntary contraction of muscle or group of muscles.
Spotted fever - Either typhus or cerebrospinal meningitis fever.
Sprue - Tropical disease characterised by a sore throat and intestinal disorders.
St. Anthony's fire - Erysipelas. So named because the affected skin areas are bright red in appearance.
St. Vitus' dance - Ceaseless rapid and complex jerking movements that are performed involuntarily.
Stomatitis - Inflammation of the lining of the mouth.
Stopping - Obstruction.
Stranger's fever - Yellow fever.
Strangury - Rupture or hernia.
Sudor anglicus - Sweating sickness. An infectious and fatal disease common in England in the 15th century.
Suffocation - The stoppage of respiration. Crib death, cot death.  
Summer complaint - Diarrhoea.
Sunstroke - Uncontrolled elevation of body temperature due to environment heat.  
Suppuration - The production of pus.
Surfeit - An excess; can refer to excess of a humor or to lifestyle excesses.
Swamp fever - Malaria.
Sweating sickness - Infectious and fatal disease common in England in the 15th century.
Swimming in the head - Vertigo, Meniere's disease.
Synochus - Fever.
Systemic disease - Any disease that affects the whole body.

T

Tabes dorsalis - Locomotor ataxia.
Tabes mesenterica - Tuberculosis of the mesenteric glands in children, resulting in digestive derangement and wasting.
Tabiat - arb. Physis gk., the Universal healing principle.
Tenesmus - Urging, can be urging of the urine or the stool.
Tensive - Stretching out, usually refers to a type of pain sensation.
Terms - Menstrual period.
Tetanus - An infectious, often-fatal disease characterised by respiratory paralysis, high fever, and tonic spasms and rigidity of the voluntary muscles, especially those of the neck and lower jaw.
Tetters - A skin condition with dry lesions, usually either herpes, ringworm or eczema.
Thrombosis - Blood clot lodged inside a blood vessel.
Thrush - A disease characterised by whitish spots and ulcers on the membranes of the mouth, tongue and fauces, caused by the fungus Candida albicans.
Thymos - gk. Life energy. The vital force. Also called Pneuma in earlier gk. medical manuscripts.
Thyrotoxicosis - Hyperthyroidism. An autoimmune disease affecting the thyroid gland.
Tibb - arb. a system of medicine, specifically Graeco-Arabic Medicine.
Tick fever - Rocky Mountain spotted fever.
Tough Humor - A Humor that has become thickened by admixture with another Humor or a secretion that has become more viscous through a loss of moisture.
Toxaemia, Toxemia - Blood poisoning.
Traditional Western Medicine - An earlier term for Graeco-Arabic Medicine.
Trench mouth - Painful ulcers along the gum line, caused by poor nutrition and poor hygiene.
Trismus - Tetanus. (q.v.)  
Trismus nascentium, Trismus neonatorum - A form of tetanus that only occurs in infants, almost invariably in the first five days of life, probably caused by an infection of the umbilical stump.
Troche - A small square or round flat solidified preparation containing herbal or mineral medicines. A medicinal tablet.
Tussis convulsiva - Whooping cough.
Typhoid fever - An infectious, often-fatal, febrile disease caused by contaminated food and drinks, that usually occur in the summer months, characterised by prolonged hectic fever, malaise, transient characteristic skin rash (rose spots), intestinal inflammation with abdominal pain, enlarged spleen, slowed heart rate, delirium and a low white-blood cell count.
Typhus - An acute, infectious Rickettsial disease characterised by acute prostration, high fever, depression, delirium, headache, and a peculiar eruption of reddish spots on the body.

U

Unani Tibb - arb.lit. Ionian medicine. Graeco-Arabic Medicine, specifically the Eastern and Middle Eastern school.
Undulant Fever - Brucellosis, characterised by intermittent bouts of fever. Also called abortus fever.

V

Vapors, Vapours - Hysteria.
Variola - Smallpox.
Venesection - Therapeutic bleeding. Blood-letting.
Viper's dance - St. Vitus' Dance.

W

Water - In Graeco-Arabic Medicine, the fundamental fluid state of matter. Water is Cold and Moist (q.v.).
Water Gate - Synonym for the vagina.
Water on brain - Hydroenchephalis.
Wen - Sebaceous cyst.
White swelling - Tuberculosis affecting the bone.
Whites - A synonym for leucorrhoea (q.v.).
Winter fever - Pneumonia.
Womb fever - Infection of the uterus.
Worm fit - Convulsions associated with teething, or due to ascarides, elevated temperature or dehydration.

X

Y

Yunani Tibb - arb.lit. Ionian medicine. Graeco-Arabic Medicine, specifically the Eastern and Middle Eastern schools.
Yellow fever - An acute, often-fatal, infectious febrile disease of warm climates, characterised by liver damage and jaundice, fever, and proteinuria.

Z

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